Scholarly Journals--Published

  • The impact of social media usage on lifestyle behaviors and health   Gregory CohenErnesto MedinaDaniel HandysidesHuma ShahAdam ArechigaWendy Shih (11/2023) (link)
  • The Factors Associated With Confidence in Using the Internet to Access Health Information: Cross-sectional Data Analysis Authors of this article: Kasi Lou Van Heel1  ;  Anna Nelson2  ;  Daniel Handysides2  ;  Huma Shah2  (05/2023) (link)
  • The Factors Associated with Confidence in Using the Internet to Access Health Information: Cross-Sectional Data Analysis Kasi Lou Van Heel; Anna Nelson; Daniel Handysides; Huma Shah Background:Confidence in health information access is a measure of the perceived ability to obtain health information. One’s beliefs or perceived ability to access health information is particularly important in understanding trends in health care access. Previous literature has found that access to health information is lowest among society’s most vulnerable population groups. These groups include older, less educated, and low-income populations. While health confidence has previously been used as a scale to measure health outcomes, additional research is needed describing the demographic factors associated with users’ confidence in health information access. This may be a key component of health information seeking that affects beneficial health outcomes such as prevention and treatment. Objective:This study examines the demographic factors associated with the levels of confidence in using the internet to access health information for adults 18 years and older in the United States. Methods:Using a cross-sectional design, secondary data from the Health Information National Trends Survey (HINTS) 5, Cycle 3 (2019) were analyzed (N=5374). An ordinal regression stratified by internet use was used to determine the association between demographic characteristics and level of confidence in health information access. Results:When the internet is the primary source for health information, high school graduates (adjusted odds ratio [AOR] 0.58, 95% CI 0.37-0.89) compared to those with a college degree or more had significantly lower odds of being confident in obtaining health information. In addition, non-Hispanic Asian participants (AOR 0.44, 95% CI 0.24-0.82) compared to non-Hispanic White participants, male participants (AOR 0.72, 95% CI 0.54-0.97) compared to female participants, and those who made between US $20,000-$35,000 annually (AOR 0.55, 95% CI 0.31-0.98) compared to those who made US $75,000 or more annually had significantly lower odds of being confident in obtaining health information via the internet. Moreover, when the internet is the primary source for health information, those with health insurance had significantly higher odds of being confident in obtaining health information (AOR 2.91, 95% CI 1.58-5.34) compared to those who do not have health insurance. Lastly, a significant association was observed between confidence in health information access and primary health information source and frequency of visiting a health care provider. Conclusions:Confidence in accessing health information can differ by individual demographics. Accessing health-related information from the internet has become increasingly more common and can provide insight into health information-seeking behaviors. Further exploration of these factors can inform the science of health education by providing deeper insight into improving access to health information for vulnerable populations. (05/2023) (link)
  • Rosario C, Modeste N, Dos Santos H, Handysides D, Gamboa-Maldonado T, & Boyd K. (2017). An examination of ecological predictors of health literacy in black college students. J Am Coll Health, , 1-9. OBJECTIVE: Health literacy is a determinant of health, but disparities in health literacy persist. This study examined the influence of ecological factors on college students' health literacy. PARTICIPANTS: During January 2016 a nonrandom sample of black undergraduate students (n = 298) aged 18-24 were recruited from enrollment lists at two urban universities in the Southeastern United States. METHODS: Information on health literacy as well as numerous intrapersonal, social, and cultural-environment factors was obtained using an electronic questionnaire and then statistically modeled. RESULTS: Ecological factors accounted for 28.7% of the variance in health literacy. In particular, reappraisal (B = 0.323, p < .001), suppression (B = -0.289, p < .001), campus health education (B = 0.192, p < .05), campus tobacco culture (B = -0.174, p < .05), and perceived norms (B = -0.153, p < .05) directly predicted health literacy. CONCLUSIONS: Although intrapersonal factors influence health literacy, the sociocultural environment of college can also foster or hinder college students' health literacy. (06/2017) (link)