Scholarly Journals--Published

  • Rosario C, Modeste N, Dos Santos H, Handysides D, Gamboa-Maldonado T, & Boyd K. (2017). An examination of ecological predictors of health literacy in black college students. J Am Coll Health, , 1-9. OBJECTIVE: Health literacy is a determinant of health, but disparities in health literacy persist. This study examined the influence of ecological factors on college students' health literacy. PARTICIPANTS: During January 2016 a nonrandom sample of black undergraduate students (n = 298) aged 18-24 were recruited from enrollment lists at two urban universities in the Southeastern United States. METHODS: Information on health literacy as well as numerous intrapersonal, social, and cultural-environment factors was obtained using an electronic questionnaire and then statistically modeled. RESULTS: Ecological factors accounted for 28.7% of the variance in health literacy. In particular, reappraisal (B = 0.323, p < .001), suppression (B = -0.289, p < .001), campus health education (B = 0.192, p < .05), campus tobacco culture (B = -0.174, p < .05), and perceived norms (B = -0.153, p < .05) directly predicted health literacy. CONCLUSIONS: Although intrapersonal factors influence health literacy, the sociocultural environment of college can also foster or hinder college students' health literacy. (06/2017) (link)