Scholarly Journals--Published

  • Aguilera A L, Volokhina Y V, & Fisher K L. (2011). Radiography of Cardiac Conduction Devices: A Comprehensive Review. Radiographics, 31(6), 1669-1682. Radiology plays a crucial role in initial assessment and follow-up of cardiac conduction devices (CCDs). At least 1 million patients in the United States have permanent CCDs, which comprise pacemakers and implantable cardioverter-defibrillators. Chest radiography is unique because it is the only imaging modality that allows evaluation of the physical integrity of CCD leads. As a result, a basic knowledge of the normal and abnormal radiographic appearances of these devices and their various components is important. Radiologists should have a working knowledge of CCD anatomy as well as appropriate positioning and appearance of CCD leads and generators. Acute complications of CCD implantation include dysrhythmia, pneumothorax, perforation of the heart muscle or a vein, heart valve damage, lead damage, inadequate seating of the terminal connector pin, and presence of an air pocket. Chronic complications include twiddler syndrome, lead fracture, damage to the lead insulation, and lead displacement. Radiologists play an important role in management of patients with CCDs by providing vital information about the device, starting immediately after implantation and continuing throughout its duration in the patient. To fulfill this role, radiologists must have a firm understanding of CCDs and their evolving technology. (10/2011) (link)
  • Gremmels JM, Broome DR, Fisher KL, Pancreatic herniation through the gastroesophageal hiats:  MRI, MRCP and CT Evaluation, J Comput Assist Tomogr; Jul/Aug 2003, Vol 27 (4): 616-618 (2003 - Present)
  • Taylor S, Bhargava R, Fisher KL.  Primitive neuroectodermal tumor of the diaphragm; a case report, Pediatr Radiol. 2000 Oct; 30(10): 702-704 (2000 - Present)
  • Kutz SJ, Fisher KL, et al.  A lung nematode of Canadian artic muskoxen:  Standard radiographic and computed tomographic imaging.  Veterinary Clinics of NA:  Food animal practice devoted to Bovine Medical Imaging; July 1999, 15(2): 359-377 (1999 - Present)
  • Ward H, Fisher KL, et al.  Constructive bronchiolitis and ulcerative colitis:  A case report.  Can Respir J 1999; Mar-Apr; 6(2): 197-200 (1999 - Present)
  • Cockcroft DW, Fisher KL, Near normalization of spirometry in a subject with severe emphysema complicated by amiodarone toxicity. Respir Med 1999 Aug; 93(8): 597-600 (1999 - Present)
  • Jokic R, Fisher KL, et al.  Protease inhibitor phenotye bsaskatoon M is not associated with emphysema:  A twenty-year follow-up study; Can Respir J.  1999 Sep-Oct; 6 (5): 407-411 (1999 - Present)
  • Leung AN, Fisher K, et al.  Bronchiolitis obliterans after lung transplantation: Detection using expiratory HRCT.  Chest 1998; Vol 113:365-370 (1998 - Present)
  • Fisher K, Leung A.  Radiographic appearance of central venous catheters.  AJR 1996; 166:329-337 (1996 - 10/0000)


  • Hyun C, Ashwal S, & Fisher K. (2010). Pulmonary Findings in Patients With Tuberous Sclerosis and Changes Following Treatment With Rapamycin. American Journal of Roentgenology, 194(5), . (05/2010)

Books and Chapters

  • K Moses MD, D Peterson PhD, K Nava PhD. Atlas of Human Anatomy. : Elsinger, 2005. (11/2005 - Present)